Population of farmers and semi-nomadic warriors of East Africa, they are distributed along the Rift Valley, mainly in the central and southwestern Kenya and northern Tanzania.
Their flocks represent their wealth. Much of the Masai territory was colonized by the British and the Germans at the end of the 19th century, but diseases such as rinderpest and smallpox also contributed greatly to their submission to the invader.
Lands have been transformed into natural reserves and national parks where a people still present plays its own part. Good hunters, they were above all great warriors, but current conditions and modernity, Current conditions and modernity no longer allow them to practice. Their weapons, spears, clubs and shields, were banned by the authorities and replaced by shepherds canes.